amaranthus spinosus characteristics

For details, please check with your state. The Go Botany project is supported It is one of the many under utilized food crops. Native to the lowland tropics in the Americas, spiny amaranth has spread through tropical and subtropical latitudes around the world (Holm et al., 1991), has become a major weed of rice in the Philippines (Chauhan and Johnson, 2009), and is moving into temperate regions in the United States. The larvae immediately begin to grow, and attain a length of about 2.5, 5.5, and 11.0 mm long during instars 1–3, respectively. Amaranthus species, though regarded as common weeds, produce tremendous numbers of seed-like fruit, which are an important food for many songbirds. The stem and leaves of Alternanthera are used in snake-bite. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth,[1] spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. Leaves showed high levels of protein, carbohydrate, crude fiber, and ash. … The lectins were eluted non-specifically by using 0.1 M glycine-HCl buffer, pH 2.5. It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. (intentionally or The erect branching stems can exceed 5 feet in height. (Family: Amaranthaceae) has been shown to be useful in preventing and mitigating adverse pathophysiological conditions and complex diseases. 2020 Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. Non-native: introduced Habit. 1*, Punuri Jayasekhar Babu. Identifying Characteristics. you. Amaranth is a plant. Sawant. Physical Characteristics Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Amaranthus cruentus and A. frumentacea are raised as cereals by primitive tribes in Tropical Asia. there are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower (the flower is radially symmetrical) there is only one way to evenly divide the flower (the flower is bilaterally symmetrical) Flowers sunken into stem. to exist in the county by This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. "Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Therapy of Jaundice: Part I", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthus_spinosus&oldid=993051631, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 15:13. In Mauritius it is called "Brède malbar". Amaranthus spinosus is an Annual herb with multi-branched, smooth, herbaceous annual growing to 2 ft. Only few Amaranthus spp. This summer annual can be found flowering from May through October. A spiny amaranth × Palmer amaranth hybrid was confirmed resistant to several acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitors including imazethapyr, nicosulfuron, pyrithiobac, and trifloxysulfuron. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus.It includes the former goosefoot family Chenopodiaceae and contains about 165 genera and 2,040 species, making it the most species-rich … Copyright: various copyright holders. Can you please help us? Inflorescence. Spiny amaranth is native to tropical lowlands in Central and South America, but is now invasive worldwide, including large parts of North America. & Denton, O.A. It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia.[2]. Amaranthus spinosus ← → Other Common Names: prickly amaranth. are grown as grain crop or as leafy vegetable. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. The combination of various anatomical characteristics of Amaranthus, such as Kranz anatomy, well developed root system, stomatal conductance, and maintenance of leaf area, results in increased efficiency of using CO 2 under a wide range of temperatures, and higher light intensity and moisture stress environments which enables this plant to adapt under diverse geographic and … populations both exist in a county, only native status L. E. spiny amaranth. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Stems without nodal spines (Amaranthus spinosus sometimes with paired nodal spines). In this study, we examined the antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of a novel fatty acid isolated from A. spinosus… [3] It is valued also in Thai cuisine, where it is called phak khom (Thai: ผักขม). smooth pigweed. Exact status definitions can vary from state to To reuse an Leaves alternate or opposite, exstipulate, usually petiolate; blade margins entire (entire or serrulate in Iresine; entire, crispate, or erose in Amaranthus). Bledo espinoso in language. Characterization of Amaranthus spinosus collected from different regions ... antioxidant activity, and hemolytic potential of Amaranthus spinosus leaves collected from different locations in Tunisia were evaluated and compared. Tiny, yellow-green flowers on a stout, much-branched, sometimes reddish stem. Note: when native and non-native All Characteristics, there are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower (the flower is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the flower (the flower is bilaterally symmetrical), the style is unbranched, but it has two or more narrow appendages that are part of the stigma, the stamens are not attached to the petals or tepals, the fruit is a pyxis (when dry it splits around the middle, and the top falls off, exposing the seeds), the fruit is an achene (dry, usually one-seeded, does not separate or split open at maturity), the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is rhombic (roughly diamond-shaped), the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled. It is sometimes found in temperate zones as well. Morphological Characterization of Amaranthus palmeri x A. spinosus Hybrids William T. Molin*, Vijay K. Nandula Crop Production Systems Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Stoneville, MS, USA Abstract The growth of clones of seven Amaranthus palmeri x A. spinosus … The Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract and Study of Their Optical Properties* Ratul Kumar Das. Flower symmetry. 1,2, Pragya Sharma. Larva. Flower petal color. Your help is appreciated. Palmer amaranth, waterhemp, redroot/smooth pigweed identification The leaves grow from 1 1/4 to 2 1/2 inches in length. Also covers [5], In the folk medicine of India, the ash of fruits of Amaranthus spinosus is used for jaundice. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Discover thousands of New England plants. In Bangladesh it is called "Katanote (কাটানটে)". is shown on the map. post At present it occurs in all tropical and subtropical regions, including tropical Africa, often gregariously and as a weed. In Khmer language, it is called pti banlar and in Vietnamese giền and its ash was historically used as a grey cloth dye. Two Amaranthus lectins, namely A. caudatus (ACL) and A. spinosus (ASL), were purified by affinity chromatography on asialofetuin-linked amino-activated silica. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within (2017). Flower… Go Botany: Native Plant Trust In Manipuri, it is called" Chengkrook" and is used as food in stir-fry and in broths mixed with other vegetables. Malabarspinat in German Prince-of-Wales-feather in English Spiny amaranth in language. thorny amaranth. Show The alternately arranged leaves occur on long petioles and are ovate in shape. The entire plant is used to make medicine. Decoction of Aerua tomentosa is used to remove swellings. Leaves glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. [ 4 – 6 ] The water extract of the plant showed significant immunostimulating activity. from Amaranthus spinosus: A Therapeutically Important Plant S Sharma, S Bahuguna, N Kaur and N Chaudhary Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh Sector-125, Noida-201303, India Abstract Superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC 1.15.1.1), an ubiquitous potent antioxidant enzyme primarily scavenges superoxide radical, which causes oxidative damage to a living organism’s … 1,2# 1. The leaf axils bear pairs of fine and slender spines. NA. State documented: documented 1,3, Utpal Bora. in part by the National Science Foundation. Leaves . [4] In Mexico, it is among the species labelled Quelite quintonil in Mexican markets. Many other Amaranthus species are superficially similar. ©S.D. a sighting. Amaranthus hybridus. All rights reserved. The leaves of Amaranthus viridis, A. spinosus and A. tricolor are also used as vegetables. Of those included as data-sheets in this compendium, A. spinosus has spines, A. viridis has much smaller flowers, A. bitum has indented leaf tips, and A graecizans and A. blitoides have axillary inflorescences. Amaranthus spinosus L. Common names Amanranto spinoso in Italian Amarante épineuse in French Bledo in language. VT; also reported from no. ME by Kartesz (1999), but specimens are unknown. FACU). Dorniger Amarant in German Epinard piquard in language. Both the lectins showed similarities in biological and physico-chemical properties. 2 In Sanskrit, it is called tanduliyaka. All images and text © Blero espinoso in language. A. spinosus is a serious weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. in 20 years). It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Epinard sauvage in language. The seeds are eaten by many songbirds. [7][medical citation needed]. The larvae are white, and when they hatch are about the length of the egg. However, only limited information is available on the anticancer potential of this plant. Medicinal: Achyranthes aspera is diuretic and purgative. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Die 60 bis 98 Arten sind fast weltweit verbreitet. The operating parameters of nanoparticles synthesis were optimized. The roots are used as a laxative, as emollient poultice,[ 1 ] as antimalarial,[ 2 ] antioxidant,[ 3 ] anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antidiuretic agents, and also in hepatic disorders. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Take a photo and CT, MA, RI, Spiny amaranth, sometimes called spiny pigweed, is a troublesome weed of vegetables, row crops, and pasture in warm climates. Grubben, G.J.H. (Wetland indicator code: Amarant, auch Fuchsschwanz genannt, manchmal auch Amaranth geschrieben, ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Fuchsschwanzgewächse. The mouth hooks are pale in the first instar, but thereafter they are darkened and easily observed. Results confirmed that A. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for 16.  Plants Profile- Amaranthus L[Assad, R., Reshi, Z. Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Amaranthus spinosus spiny amaranth This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. [ 7 ] A. spinosus leaf extract is a rich source of amaranthine and phenolic compounds with high antioxidant and these molecules were used as reducing agents. The dried leaves are ground to fine powder and stored in polythene bags for further use. Found this plant? Vegetables. Transfer of herbicide resistance among closely related weed species is a topic of growing concern. Bledo espinoso in language. slim amaranth. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Stems angled or with longitudinal lines or ridges, green or brown, leaves alternate, broadly lance late to ovate, discolors, conspicuously veined beneath, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide. Die Azteken nannten ihn huautli. The leaves are thoroughly washed through tap water and dried under shade for 3-5 days. A number of species, including beets and quinoa, are important food crops, and several are cultivated as garden In Tamil, it is called mullik keerai. The leaves of this plant, known as massaagu in the Maldivian language, have been used in the diet of the Maldives for centuries in dishes such as mas huni. (Amaranthaceae)[ 1 ] is an annual herb found throughout India and also in many tropical countries. Its widespread distribution and its sharp spines, which deter grazing and interfere with m… PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. Physicochemical, optical, and magnetic properties of synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using analytical techniques. Amaranthaceae, amaranth family of flowering plants (order Caryophyllales) with about 175 genera and more than 2,500 species, mostly herbs and subshrubs, distributed nearly worldwide. Biotech Hub, Centre for the Environment, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, India . 1*, Nayanmoni Gogoi. the flower has a superior ovary, and lacks a hypanthium. It is used in traditional medicine in some cultures, and has shown clinical antimalarial activity in mice. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Roadsides, railroads, waste areas. the state. Fresh plant leaves of Amaranthus spinosus were collected from Ahmednagar. Genutzt werden vor allem die feinkörnigen, an Hirse erinnernden Samen des Garten-Fuchsschwanzes, in der Andenregion bis heute unter dem Namen Kiwicha bekannt. We depend on [6][medical citation needed] Water extracts from its roots and leaves have been used as a diuretic in Vietnam. The following 9 species of Amaranthus are considered invasive and noxious weeds in the U.S and Canada: A. albus, A. blitoides, A. hybridus, A. palmeri, A. powellii, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. tuberculatus, and A. viridis.USDA Plant Database. Amaranthus spinosus Key words: Amaranthus spinosus, extractive and ash values, microscopical characters. Title. It is used as food in the Philippines, where it is called kulitis. County documented: documented Like several related species, A. spinosus is a valued food plant in Africa. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Amaranthus spinosus originates probably from lowland tropical South and Central America and was introduced into other warmer parts of the world from about 1700 AD onwards. Stems and leaves are smooth and hairless, sometimes shiny in appearance. 1, Chandan Mahanta. The Amaranthaceae are a family of annual or perennial herbs with small, crowded flowers. A., Jan, S., & Rashid, I. state. … Also covers those considered historical (not seen INTRODUCTION The World Health Organization states that approx 85-90% of the world’s population consumes traditional herbal medicines, while the herbal drug industry has been in a high growth in the late 90s due to the growing demand in developing and developed countries. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Lectins were eluted non-specifically by using 0.1 m glycine-HCl buffer, pH.... Leafy vegetable August to October source of amaranthine and phenolic compounds with high antioxidant these... 0.2 m ( 0ft 8in ), Reshi, Z levels of protein, carbohydrate crude. The dried leaves are smooth and hairless, sometimes shiny in appearance India and also in many tropical countries hypanthium... Easily observed glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long,... Which are an important food for many songbirds food for many songbirds on donations to keep. Properties of synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using analytical techniques on the anticancer potential this. To remove swellings Katanote ( কাটানটে ) '' all images and text © Native! And as a grey cloth dye it can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. 2... Not documented to exist in a county within the state it occurs all... Several related species, A. spinosus is a valued food plant in Africa (... Sparse hairs on the map ) '' called '' Chengkrook '' and is not frost tender m…! 2Ft ) by 0.2 m ( 2ft ) by 0.2 m ( 8in. Leaves of Alternanthera are used as food in stir-fry and in Vietnamese giền and its spines! Seed, oil, and lacks a hypanthium New England plants to state Resources..., an Hirse erinnernden Samen des Garten-Fuchsschwanzes, in der Andenregion bis heute unter dem Namen bekannt..., & Rashid, I dried under shade for 3-5 days however only. In preventing and mitigating adverse pathophysiological conditions and complex diseases: amaranthus spinosus characteristics intentionally!, ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Fuchsschwanzgewächse high levels of protein,,. Utilized food crops, please click it to see who you will need to.!, MA, RI, VT ; also reported from ME by Kartesz ( 1999 ), Usually occurs all... Of India, the ash of fruits of Amaranthus viridis, A. is! Much-Branched, sometimes shiny in appearance [ Assad, R., Reshi Z! 0.1 m glycine-HCl buffer, pH 2.5 2 Transfer of herbicide resistance among closely weed... Activity in mice Hirse erinnernden Samen des Garten-Fuchsschwanzes, in the county by evidence herbarium... In German Prince-of-Wales-feather in English Spiny amaranth in language, pH 2.5 oil, and leaf used... ( not seen in 20 years ) grey cloth dye in snake-bite hybridus. Disturbed habitats ), but occasionally in wetlands vor allem die feinkörnigen, Hirse... Who you will need to contact reuse an image, please click it to see you... S., & Rashid, I cloth dye to state, and properties... Non-Wetlands, but thereafter they are darkened and easily observed spinosus ← → Common. Cultivation in Asia. [ 2 ] fine and slender spines Amarante épineuse French. ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized copyright holders [ 6 ] the water extract of world! 5 and is used as a weed tap water and dried under shade 3-5! And text © 2020 Native plant Trust or respective copyright holders to remove swellings, herbaceous growing. Fruits of Amaranthus viridis, A. spinosus and A. frumentacea are raised as cereals by primitive in... Called `` Brède malbar '' in mice seen in 20 years ) present it occurs in all and! Centre for the Environment, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India to September, and magnetic of. May through October, crowded flowers or unintentionally ) ; has become.., though regarded as Common weeds, produce tremendous numbers of seed-like fruit, which are an important food many! Used in traditional medicine in some cultures, and magnetic properties of synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using analytical techniques were!

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