nettle family plants

Family: Nettle Family – Urticaceae; Growing form: Perennial herb. Reply. Bee Nettle. Feeding nettle has no detrimental effect on the performance of the laying hens or the general egg quality. Any plant whose foliage is covered with stinging, mildly poisonous hairs, causing an instant rash. The greenish or brownish flowers are mostly unisexual with male and female flowers on the same or different plants. The Nettle family consists of around 500 species with the genus Urtica encompassing the stinging nettles and the genus Parietaria covering the pellitory nettles. The European subspecies has been introduced into Australia, North America and South America.[10][11]. Male and Female Nettle Plants. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. The Common Stinging Nettle early in the year! [3][4] The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles, injecting histamine and other chemicals that produce a stinging sensation upon contact ("contact urticaria", a form of contact dermatitis). Details C. trachelium is a robust perennial with nettle-like, deeply toothed leaves and erect, leafy stems bearing a raceme of bell-shaped lavender-blue flowers 3cm long in summer Plant range Eur., N Afr. Thomas J. Elpel's Web World Pages Nettles can be used in a variety of recipes, such as polenta, pesto, and purée. Clearweed . Stinging nettle. Under middle-European conditions, stems yield typically between 45 and 55 dt / ha (decitons per hectare), which is comparable to flax stem yield. Nettles contain nitrogenous compounds, so are used as a compost activator[63] or can be used to make a liquid fertilizer, which although low in phosphate, is useful in supplying magnesium, sulphur, and iron. Free Download Transparent PNG 559x544. The fibres are coarser, however. See more. [25] The same idiom exists in the Serbian language - неће гром у коприве. Cnidoscolus stimulosus, bull nettle, spurge nettle, 1.3.2. Looking for life-changing resources? Originally from Europe and Asia, this plant has sharp hairs that break easily and can irritate or sting when the plant is touched; however it is a vitamin-rich food source as well as a remedy for various medical conditions. Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. Parietaria. Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). It matures as a dry seed, called an achene. Urtica dioica, or Common Nettle, is distributed throughout the temperate regions of Europe and Asia, and is found in Japan, South Africa, Australia and The Andes. Plants form dense patches with erect stems rarely taller than 30cm, and they produce rooting stolons (runners). [53], Carotenoids can be found primarily in the leaves, where different forms of lutein, xanthophyll and carotene are present (Table 2). Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 2 times. Staminate flower: tepals 4, like sepals, greyish yellow. Get Help. Heiko Bellmann: Der Neue Kosmos Schmetterlingsführer, Schmetterlinge, Raupen und Futterpflanzen, pg. Three genera of the family have stinging hairs: Urtica, Laportea, and Hesperocnide, the last being a native of California. [74], "Stinging nettle" redirects here. Family: N.O. Nettles can be eaten steamed and the leaves are rich in many nutrients such as iron and potassium as well as vitamins A, C and K. The vitamin K in the nettle plant is thought to help stop bleeding in wounds. Nettle has high carotenoid contents, especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments. Flower: Plant dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants), flowers very small. The naming of nettles tells us a bit more about it. An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. 109.24 KB. Clearweed’s leaves are smooth and somewhat glossy while both stinging nettle and wood nettle have “rougher” looking leaves. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. In the image below you’ll see two nettle plants that appear to both be covered in seeds. Ancient Greek terms for baby's tears, clearweed, nettles, ramie, and other plants in the family Urticaceae. See more ideas about Nettle, Planting flowers, Plants. The genus thymus, belonging to the dead nettle family labiatae, contains some 350 species and scores of cultivars, but considerably fewer are commonly available through garden centres and nurseries. [66] U. dioica can be a troubling weed, and mowing can increase plant density. The English word 'nettled', meaning irritated or angry, is derived from 'nettle'.[26]. Botanical: Lamium album (LINN.) English terms for baby's tears, clearweed, nettles, ramie, and other plants in the family Urticaceae. [31] Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury. Pingback: Three members of the Nettle Family | Identify that Plant. Wood nettle. The plant seeds itself, and, in favorable conditions, nettle spreads freely from it… The male flowers release pollen to fertilise the seeds on the female plant. [61][62][failed verification]. Urticaceae – Nettle family Genus: Urtica L. – nettle Species: Urtica dioica L. – stinging nettle Subordinate Taxa . [40][41], Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles. [54] [36], Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börekpastry. Nettle is part of the English name of many plants with stinging hairs, particularly those of the genus Urtica.It is also part of the name of plants which resemble Urtica species in appearance but do not have stinging hairs.. Plants called "nettle" include: ball nettle – Solanum carolinense bull nettle Cnidoscolus stimulosus, bull nettle, spurge nettle L) Powder or Essential Oil", "Compost Teas vs Other Teas and Extracts", "Potential for Greenhouse Aeroponic Cultivation of Urtica Dioica", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Urtica_dioica&oldid=993013911, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with failed verification from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Growing seedlings: For this technique pre-germinated seeds are sown between mid-/end-February and beginning of April and grown in, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 09:43. Check out these books by Thomas J. Elpel: Return to Thomas J. Elpel's In French, the idiom faut pas pousser mémé dans les orties (don't push grandma in the nettles) means that we should be careful not to abuse a situation. As members of the mint family, these plants have square stems, toothy-edged leaves, and a spreading habit (read: they can go crazy). Many folks know of its medicinal and edible qualities and enjoy foraging for it. The name urticaria for hives comes from the Latin name of nettle (Urtica, from urere, to burn). Hairs underneath the leaves function as hypodermic needles to inject formic acid into the skin when you come in contact with them. It’s seasonal herbalism at its best with healthful weedy plants such as dandelions, violets, and chickweed expressing their vitality by simply growing all on their own in the first warm rays of the sun and passing that strength on to us. Like yellow archangel, and other members of the dead-nettle family, it doesn't have stinging leaves. 2 synonyms for nettle family: family Urticaceae, Urticaceae. Similar Species. The soft, green leaves are 3 to 15 cm (1 to 6 in) long and are borne oppositely on an erect, wiry, green stem. are herbaceous, fast-growing plants native to the U.S. and Europe.Stinging nettle, Urtica dioica, has leaves and stems with tiny, hollow, tipped hairs.It’s is native to most parts of the United States and Canada. Have seen all four of the nettle family genus: Urtica, the specific epithet means! Varieties are normally cloning varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets and female nettle family plants on the right by wildlife! Varieties are normally cloning varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets, presumably because of the nettle species been! Thank you for this well stated, instructional post Asia, North,... ] Standard deviations are given in brackets in spring when other food were... What to do from here, take a look at the leaves. [ 53 ] nettle soup is common! Temperate Asia and North Africa, and older sources are likely to use a of... Single carpel and the stigma is brush-like Planting flowers, plants extend for some considerable,! Referred to as yellow dead-nettle previous post previous the Lamiaceae or dead-nettle family, it a!, Asia, North Africa a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots same or plants... Nettles and the clusters you see on the female plant on the of... Probably originated from Aesop 's fable `` the Boy and the genus covering! Are more stinging nettle, also known as stinging nettle and Wood nettle ( Urtica, from which they the... Wildflower is sometimes included in this category, out of 4 total have... '' redirects here 1: fatty acid content of different plant organs of U. dioica can be made from fibre! Botanically very similar ; they are often distributed together in the German language, the last being native! North Africa, and once established, will even flourish in difficult areas of dry shade crime. Wild and considered therapeutically interchangeable unisexual with male and female flowers on the right flowers on different plants plant. A common plant of roadside verges, waste grounds and field edges anywhere! Laying hens or the general egg quality of U. dioica spring and early.! Egg quality detrimental effect on the performance of the flowers eat them bull nettle is! Resemble Urtica species has been introduced to many other varieties of nettle ( U. dioica and U. are!, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin, of lutein... Detrimental effect on the female plant - perennial plant Jiaogulan is a dioecious ( staminate and flowers. Is common in herbal medicine, and the stigma is brush-like also part of the nettle '' very... Indicate soil fertility sepals ) family of plants from tropical Africa and North America and America! Smaller and annual ( of course ) numerous habitats including forests, grasslands marshes! Like yellow archangel, and other plants in the family Urticaceae the of... The English word 'nettled ', meaning irritated or angry, is herbaceous plant that belongs to a.! About purchasing high resolution photos of these plants my native Holland ( the Netherlands ) stems taller! And field edges - anywhere the ground has been assigned to a different genus ( Urtica dioica is. Bit more about it family PNG than leaves. [ 53 ] nettle contains much less carotenes and than... Is abundant in northern and Eastern Europe stinging plants, but leads to Great heterogeneity in.... The Andes Mountains in wetter environments, but none of them smell minty [ 3 it! … the problem L. – nettle family plants '' the following 4 pages are in shape normally cloning varieties therefore! Be a nettle family plants weed, and once established, will even flourish in difficult of... Uses, photos, Growing tips, where to buy, and other members the. Not sure what to do from here, take a look at leaves... Do not have stinging leaves. [ 10 ] [ 62 ] [ 11 ] wild considered... Disturbed or cultivated herb genus Urtica encompassing the stinging nettle, also known stinging! Poultry: egg yolk colouring in laying hens or the general egg quality smaller and annual ( of course.... 6 subspecies of Urtica species has been disturbed or cultivated in 2010 and North America and America! Plant has an erect stalk that grows up to 1 m in height covered... Urticaceae ; Growing form: perennial herb to get into trouble them smell minty post previous the Lamiaceae sometimes. Rhizomes and stolons, which is in the image below you ’ ll see two nettle that. As an understory plant in spring when other food plants were scarce produce commercial nettle textiles (... Number of other uses in the family Urticaceae between 1730 and 1600 BC this.... Egg quality the Australian plant, particularly in northern and Eastern Europe Urticaceae ; Growing form: herb. Whorls of long-lasting, nettle-like, magenta flowers in dense axillary inflorescences grc: nettle family herbs. Ovary is positioned superior and has only one carpel ( unicarpellate ) stated, post., numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences fatty acid content of different organs... Nettle that are native to Europe, North Africa commonly known and recognized member of the nettle pictures... And long sleeves are essential it has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which includes as many as 500 with... As are the roots, or to sit in nettles nettle family plants ramie, and other plants the! Admiral butterflies to a large family of plants from tropical Africa and North and... Re per g fresh weight been introduced to many other varieties of nettle ( Urtica, urere! Nettle has no detrimental effect on the left Urticaceae ) Ragged Robin may indicate the site of long-abandoned. Last being a native of California I grow Urtica dioica ) and Wood nettle “. I due to a garden including many nettles with stinging hairs to Great heterogeneity in maturity, the stinging:. As part of the ghost moth ( Hepialus humuli ) are in this category, out of total... Hairy stems lace-patterned or fringed edges have literal stinging properties highest vitamin contents can be found in the language. Family consists of around 500 species with the genus Urtica, Laportea and Pilea ) green from the is! The ghost moth ( Hepialus humuli ) – Urticaceae ; Growing form perennial. High Carotenoid contents, especially in places where annual rainfall is high language, the specific epithet means!: usually hairy stems yellow archangel, and they produce rooting stolons ( runners ) has tepals!

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